Index of the article
Now. What Are Dental Braces?
Brakes are the fixed appliances that are used in orthodontics to correct defects in the shape, position, relationship and function of the teeth and jaws, face and functional mastication disorders.
Such anomalies include the misalignment or crowding of the teeth, the advance or delayed position of the teeth in relation to the jaws, displacement of one of the two jaws, etc.
What are the different types of brakes?
Classic orthodontics usually uses metal braces, although for a long time there has been a more aesthetic option thanks to the fact that they can be made with other materials, such as porcelain, zirconium or sapphire.
All of them make the orthodontic appliance less visible: the porcelain because its color adapts to the color of the tooth, while the zirconium is transparent and the sapphire practically translucent. In this last case, the ring is also covered with a white Teflon cover, which makes the parato very little visible when the patient laughs, speaks or opens his mouth to eat.
Another of the important advances that have been incorporated in recent years to orthodontics are the so-called self-ligating brakes , which incorporate a kind of cap that avoids the need to use elastics to adjust the device and that do not rub against the ring, because they allow that the movement of the teeth that you want to obtain with the orthodontic treatment is done faster than with traditional braces.
Regardless of the type of dental braces, whether they are welded to the hoop or attached to the tooth and the types of adjustment used, fixed orthodontic appliances have a very sophisticated design that is carried out by means of a computer support in 3D, a mold of Initial state of the denture and another of the objectives to be obtained. In this way, you are given the strength or power necessary to progressively move the teeth to the place they should occupy and even in some cases modify the dimensions of the upper jaw, especially if the patient is a child.
Types of orthodontics by age
Types of orthodontics for children with baby teeth and children up to 12 years
- Conventional brakets
- Removable appliances
- Types of orthodontics for adolescents or children from 12 years
- Bracket daemon
- Colored brakets
Types of orthodontics for adults
- Invisible orthodontics
- Lingual orthodontics
- Aesthetic orthodontics
- Ceramic orthodontics
- Sapphire aesthetic braces
The main types of brakets in orthodontics are
- Aesthetic braces
- Lingual brakets
- Self-ligating dental braces
- Invisalign transparent braces
- Metal or conventional dental braces
Conventional dental braces
Metal dental braces or conventional braces are the most traditional dental devices, and they are the most used braces in orthodontic treatments. The metal brakets use gummies to fix the metallic wire that is used to align the teeth correctly.
There are thousands of shapes, sizes and colors of dental braces to use, children or teenagers use colored gummies but usually conventional dental braces are usually white to avoid being very striking.
Metallic dental braces
metallic brakes known as conventional brakes are metallic dental braces, and they are the most commonly used braces in orthodontic treatments. The brakets are made of high quality steel and use gummies to fix the metallic wire to the tooth so that it applies the correct force to correct the teeth. Use of fixed retainers after treatment.
Mini metal dental braces
The mini dental braces are of smaller dimensions than conventional metal brackes. They can be 40% smaller without presenting any difference regarding the results of conventional bracket treatment. However, with mini dental braces we obtain a more pleasant aesthetics, more comfort during treatment and a lower gingival resistance than with traditional braces.
Self-ligating brakes or Damon
orthodontic elastic orthodontics with self-ligating brakes moves the teeth through forces exerted by elastic memory arcs, which are transmitted to the tooth with an intermediate element called Bracket.
The most important advantage in the end is that they eliminate the need for gummies or metal ligatures so that the visits are more widely spaced (instead of coming to the settings once a month you can come every 2 months or every 2 months and medium), appointments are faster in the clinic and slightly faster treatments are performed (not significantly more, not much more, just a few months and only in some cases), along with some other undeniable advantages: more comfort for the patient and lighter forces with less friction.
Orthodontics with self-ligating brakes is known as self-ligating or self-ligating orthodontics and is a type of orthodontics that does not use any ligature to join the brakes with the arches, but it does it through the self-ligating clips that moves the teeth through forces exerted by arcs with elastic memory.
Damon dental braces
The damon brakes offer us an advantage over conventional metal brakes and is that with this type of dental device you do not need to use gummies or metal ligatures so the friction between the arch and the tooth is reduced and the number of visits to the tooth is reduced. dentist that there is no need to change the gummies by not being used with Damon orthodontics.
Gold brakes in terms of their system are very similar to traditional metal brakes . However, this dental device would be within the group of aesthetic orthodontics, since it is a type of bracelet of golden color made of stainless steel of great quality and that is given a bathed in gold to provide a more aesthetic result.
Embossed dental brakes
This type of brakes uses bands cemented in the teeth through adiamientos united with soft welding or laser welding. This type of brakes requires free space to attach the bands between the teeth, so it is a complicated type of orthodontics and difficult to adapt in some cases of malocclusion.
Colored dental braces
The colors of brakes are actually colored bands or colored gummies that are applied to the ligatures of the brakes . The colors of gummies for brakes are normally used by the youngest and can be of different colors, from the most discreet colors to the most striking colors.
Adhesive dental braces
The direct adhesion dental braces are the most used by orthodontists since their adaptation is much faster and adaptable to fixed orthodontics. It offers a stable fixation and at the same time aesthetic. This type of adhesion brakes can be used in lingual orthodontic treatments and are ideal for correction in cases of crossbites.
They are invisible dental appliances with very esthetic, since they do not use brakes. Unlike traditional metal brakes, invisible orthodontics uses an apparatus made of transparent material that, in addition to being invisible, is removable in many cases, as in orthodontic invisalign, which facilitates its adaptability and hygiene.
Invisible orthodontics. The transparent aligners are made of a colorless material that is used to correct the teeth. There are transparent three types of plastic dental braces, porcelain dental braces or aesthetic sapphire dental braces. They are esthetic braces since they are 100% transparent and adapt to the color of your teeth. In some cases they are removable like invisalign orthodontics.
Incognito invisible lingual orthodontics in our patient. Lingual braces offer the most aesthetic solution since they are completely invisible dental braces when sticking to the inside of the tooth, so they are simply brakes that can not be seen from the outside.
Contrary to what many people think, incognito lingual dental braces are manufactured individually for each patient to achieve a perfect fit, so that chafing and discomfort when speaking are avoided.
It is advisable to perform lingual orthodontic treatment with specialized dentists since it is a very advanced technique that requires specific training. Dr. David Manzanera is a professor in the Master of Lingual Orthodontics where he trains other specialists the Lingual orthodontic technique.
Incognito orthodontics refers to the brand of incognito dental braces used in lingual orthodontic treatments. It is the most advanced brand in the market and offers innovative solutions and the most advanced techniques due to the reliability of its materials and its made-to-measure devices. It offers the same results as traditional orthodontics but in a totally invisible way.
Invisalign dental braces
Invisalign orthodontics replaces metal brakes with plastic splints or transparent aligners that are placed to correct the position of the teeth. Invisalign braces are modified as the treatment progresses to adjust the alignment of the teeth. In its creation, 3D simulation is used to create an exact version for each patient’s mouth.
Transparent ceramic brakes
brakes-ceramics Transparent ceramic brakes are a very popular option for adults who want to avoid metal brakes since these are much more aesthetic. The ceramic dental braces are made up of clamps of the color of the tooth that are used to correctly align the teeth.
The main advantage of the ceramic appliance is that it is much less visible than conventional appliances, since most people do not even notice them.
The wires that use the transparent ceramic dental braces are made with a very resistant composite material and on this small small ceramic pieces that stick to each tooth are placed.
Sapphire aesthetic braces
Here we can see the case of the previous patient after 7 months of treatment with Incognito lingual orthodontics above, that nothing is seen, and ceramic dental braces in the lower arch: a combination of invisible orthodontics at a very good price
The sapphire brakes are the option of aesthetic orthodontics with brakes that offers the highest quality. The sapphire dental brakes blend perfectly with the color of the teeth so they are not noticed. One of its great advantages over ceramic braces is that sapphire brakets do not get dirty easily or stain when smoking or drinking coffee or dye drinks. In addition sapphire dental braces are more respectful and get less chafing so they are more comfortable when performing orthodontic treatment.
Combined Lingual Orthodontics: dental lingual braces and sapphire brakes
Combined dental braces
This technique consists of combining the lingual orthodontics in the upper part with aesthetic brakes in the lower part. The advantage of using combined lingual orthodontics is the price, since it is a cheaper option when combining lingual orthodontics with aesthetic orthodontics, achieving the same results as only lingual orthodontics.
Combined Lingual Orthodontics is the result of combining superior lingual orthodontics with inferior aesthetic brakes, which is a very good option of treatment with invisible orthodontics, cheaper and more affordable than upper and lower lingual orthodontics, and with identical results.
What is the function of the brakes?
The brakes allow to move individually to each and every one of the teeth in any direction of space. Fixed orthodontics can be performed at any age and not only for aesthetic reasons, but to improve the functionality of the teeth, for example in chewing; rectify the position of the jaws, restoring their natural alignment; and even correct phonetic defects caused by the bad position of the teeth.
Attending to biomechanical aspects, the brakes are composed of two parts: an active one, which is the one that forces general, and another passive one, in charge of transmitting it. The joint action of both is what makes the tooth move to the desired position. we have two parts that are: the active generating part of the force and the passive part that is the one that transmits the force, producing the symbiosis of both, the dental movement.
The brakes have a fixed part (arcs, bars, circuit breakers, etc.) and others that are added and modify their position depending on the treatment objectives (bands, tubes, braces, elastic, etc.).
How to clean the teeth with braces
First we will place a little toothpaste in the brush. The chosen dental product should contain fluoride and also some component that helps eliminate bad breath, as is the case of eucalyptus and mint.
In the brushing process, the action will be done around the brackets, in a circular and smooth way, without forgetting the bands. We brush around two minutes, also massaging gums.
It is also necessary to sanitize the external and internal faces of all the teeth, as well as to perform a gentle brushing of the tongue, to eliminate bacteria that may be accumulated there.
A mouth rinse with plenty of warm water will complete the cleaning and remove toothpaste.