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SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS OF VIRAL PHARYNGITIS
Normally, viral pharyngitis is accompanied by other signs of respiratory tract infection, such as coughing, sneezing, nasal constipation, conjunctivitis, hoarseness, inappetence or body aches. It is not common viral pharyngitis to attack only the throat.
The patient usually has a picture that suggests a cold or flu. Another clue is that in viral pharyngitis, although the throat is very inflamed, pus is not common.
Some patients with allergies may end up having a similar picture with viral pharyngitis, with rhinosinusitis, sneezing, headache and malaise. The throat can remain inflamed, but the patient does not have a fever in these cases.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF BACTERIAL PHARYNTITIS
Already the tonsillitis caused by bacteria, in addition to not having the typical viral symptoms, such as sneezing and nasal congestion, usually cause pus in the tonsils and enlargement of the lymph nodes (ganglia) of the neck.
Bacterial pharyngitis can also cause edema of the uvula and hemorrhagic spots on the palate (red spots, called petechiae, in the roof of the mouth). The fever of the bacterial infection is usually higher than in the viral one, but that is not a rule, since there are cases of flu with a high fever.
Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein – Barr virus and usually presents with fever, purulent tonsillitis and enlarged lymph nodes in the posterior region of the neck (unlike bacterial tonsillitis that presents enlarged lymph nodes in the previous region of the neck). neck).
The presence of pus and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck region strongly speaks in favor of bacterial pharyngitis. However, some viral infections, such as infectious mononucleosis, may also occur with these findings.
COMPLICATIONS OF BACTERIAL AMIGDALITIS
The viral pharyngitis pharyngitis usually improve spontaneously after a few days, not causing any major problem. On the other hand, bacterial pharyngotonsillitis can cause various complications if not treated properly with antibiotics. Among them we can mention:
- Rheumatic fever, which occurs mainly in children and young people.
- Scarlet fever, which is a disease caused by the streptococcus bacteria.
- Post streptococcal glomerulonephritis, a kidney injury caused by the same bacterium
- Streptococcus, usually follow with arterial hypertension, presence of blood in the urine and
acute renal failure.
There is a type of psoriasis, psoriasis in drops, that is related to strep throat. They are skin lesions that occur when there is a throat infection, disappearing after healing.
During the investigation of these complications, the dosage of ASLO is also very useful because, in doubtful cases, it can help to show that the patient had a streptococcal bacterial infection in the last 2-3 months.
TREATMENT OF AMIGDALITIS – HOME REMEDIES FOR THROAT PAIN
To avoid the complications of bacterial tonsillitis described above, you should always do the antibiotic treatment. In most cases, in 48 hours there is already a great improvement in symptoms. The investigation of the germ in the throat with swab should be done whenever possible.
Viral pharyngitis usually lasts only four or five days. There is no need, nor is it indicated, the use of antibiotics. If the symptoms are very uncomfortable, you can use anti-inflammatory medications for two or three days. On the other hand, enough rest and good hydration.
Tratamientos naturales para el dolor de garganta:
- Honey: There is no work that has been able to demonstrate a real benefit of honey.
- Propolis: Presents small anti-inflammatory effect. It works much less than any common anti-inflammatory.
- Papain: in addition to not improve, in large quantities can worsen inflammation.
There are no studies that demonstrate the effectiveness of homeopathy or phytotherapy in the treatment of pharyngitis. The time of illness and the incidence of complications is equal to placebo.
Who want symptomatic relief without taking many medications, the ideal is to make several gargles daily with warm water and a pinch of salt.
EXTRACTION OF TONSILS : IT IS A GREAT ALTERNATIVE
Tonsillectomy (tonsillectomy) is an option for children who have more than six episodes of strep throat each year. Already in adults, as the incidence of complications is much lower, tonsillotomy is more controversial, since there is the possibility of not improving, causing the patient to stop having episodes of tonsillitis and go on to have episodes of pharyngitis, which final is the same.
Tonsillotomy can also be done in cases of very large tonsils, which impair breathing and cause snoring during the night, bad breath or when there is abscess in the tonsils. END OF ARTICLE “Can throat infection cause headache?”