How to cure tonsilitis?
Tonsillitis is a problem that happens to large and small, today we will show you a lot of information that you should know about tonsillitis.
Symptoms of tonsillitis
Tonsillitis most often affects children between pre-school and mid-teens. Some common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis are the following:
- Red and inflamed tonsils.
- White or yellow patches or coatings on the tonsils.
- Sore throat.
- Difficulty or pain when swallowing.
- Sensitive and dilated glands (lymph nodes) in the neck.
- A raspy, muffled or husky voice.
- Bad breath.
- Stomach pain, especially in young children.
- Neck stiffness.
In young children who are not able to describe how they feel, some of the symptoms of tonsillitis could be the following:
- Drooling due to difficulty or pain when swallowing
- Not wanting to eat
- Unusual agitation
Causes of tonsillitis
Tonsillitis is most commonly caused by common viruses, but bacterial infections can also be the cause.
The most common bacteria that causes tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), the bacteria that causes streptococcal tonsillitis. Other strains of streptococcus and other bacteria can also cause tonsillitis.
Treatments for tonsillitis
Regardless of whether the tonsillitis is caused by a viral or bacterial infection, home care strategies can make your child more comfortable and promote better recovery.
If it is suspected that tonsillitis is caused by a virus, these strategies are the only treatment. The doctor will not prescribe antibiotics. Your child is likely to get better within 7 to 10 days.
The home care strategies you must follow during recovery time include the following:
- Encourage rest. Encourage your child to sleep a lot.
- Provides adequate fluids. Have your child drink plenty of water to keep his throat moist and prevent dehydration.
- Provides comforting foods and drinks. Hot beverages -definition, tea without caffeine or warm water with honey- and cold snacks, such as ice-cold sticks, can relieve sore throats.
- Gargle with salt water. If your child can gargle, a mixture of 1 teaspoon (5 milliliters) of table salt in 8 ounces (235 milliliters) of warm water can help relieve sore throat. Ask the child to gargle with the solution and then spit it out.
- Moisture the air. Use a cold air humidifier to remove dry air that may further irritate a sore throat or sit with your child for several minutes in a steam room.
- Offer medicated pills. Children over 4 years can suck medicated pills to relieve sore throat.
- Avoid irritants. Keep your home free of cigarette smoke and cleaning products that can irritate the throat.
- Treat pain and fever. Talk to your doctor about using ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin for children and others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol and others) to minimize sore throat and control your fever. Low fever without pain does not require treatment.
Except for certain diseases, children and adolescents should not take aspirin to treat symptoms of diseases such as colds or other flu-like illnesses, since its use has been linked to Reye’s syndrome, a rare disorder, but one that may put at risk life.
To treat frequent tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis or bacterial tonsillitis that does not respond to antibiotic treatment, surgery may be used to remove the tonsils (tonsillectomy). Generally, frequent tonsillitis is defined by the following:
- More than seven episodes in a year.
- More than four to five episodes a year in each of the previous two years.
- More than three episodes a year in each of the previous three years.
A tonsillectomy can also be performed if tonsillitis produces complications that are difficult to control, such as:
- Obstructive sleep apnea.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Difficulty swallowing, especially meats and other foods in large pieces.
- An abscess that does not improve by treatment with antibiotics.
Usually, tonsillectomy is performed as an outpatient procedure, unless your child is very small, has a complex disease or complications arise during surgery. That means that your child would be able to return home the day of surgery. In general, full recovery takes 7 to 14 days.