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Diseases that cause bad breath or halitosis
1. Infections of the respiratory tract such as the throat, nostrils and lungs.
2. Dental plate. There may be plaque formation and food residues in the dentures, so they should be cleaned daily, otherwise bad breath will be generated.
3. Poor oral hygiene. If the teeth are not cleaned properly, a plaque produced by the food residues is generated between the teeth.
4. Hepatic diseases and gastritis are reflected in bad breath.
5. Dry mouth (xerostomia). It is caused by problems of salivary glands, medications, mouth breathing, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
6. Diabetic patients also have a characteristic odor of the mouth, which Humberto Rodríguez does not classify as a bad smell, but the medicine refers to the breath of these patients as a sweet smell of manzanita.
7. Kaposi’s sarcoma. This disease appears as a lump on the palate that causes bad breath and manifests itself in patients with AIDS.
What is halitosis?
In general, bad breath is the result of the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth or between the teeth, or food debris around the gums and tongue, which in turn trigger the flowering of bacteria in the mouth that cause tooth decay . This problem is also the consequence of suffering periodontal disease or caries and nasal problems, such as sinusitis (inflammation of the mucosa lining the sinuses). In addition, certain common foods and beverages can also cause bad breath, even once we brush our teeth.
Why is halitosis produced?
As we explained at the beginning, it is usually a problem with an oral origin, but it also has other sources. It is estimated that there may be more than 80 causes that lead to halitosis, which can be classified in different ways according to their intensity, frequency, clinical relevance or the need for treatment. These are some of the causes:
The main conditions in this area of the respiratory system that have bad breath among its symptoms are: rhinosinusitis: inflammation of the mucosa of the nose and paranasal sinuses; mouth breathing influences the amount and composition of bacteria in saliva; nasal obstruction due to malformations or diseases that lead to infection of the nasal cavities; nasal discharge – constant nasal discharge; deviation of the nasal septum: abnormal narrowing of the nasal passages; adenoiditis (inflammation of the adenoids, tissue behind the nasal cavity); tonsillitis -inflammation of the tonsils-; Presence of foreign bodies that block the pools. nasopharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscesses, carcinomas of the larynx; bronchitis; bronchiectasia-abnormal dilation of the bronchial tree; pneumonia; pulmonary abscesses; lung carcinomas.
Although cases of bad breath associated with problems in the digestive system are rare, infections such as that caused by the bacteria ‘Helicobacter pylori’ can cause halitosis. There are also cases of affectation with gastritis, ulcers, interstitial disease, inflammatory bowel disease, gastroesophageal reflux, Zenker’s diverticulum, presence of foreign body of the pharynx, hiatus hernia, belching, vomiting and neoplasms, according to the Breath Institute. This center warns that many times the digestive problems generate in the patient sensation of halitosis, but it is not so (pseudohalitosis).
Nutrition and lifestyle:
Among the most common foods that cause bad breath are garlic, onion, cheese, egg and some kind of spice, which when digested, the bloodstream absorbs its oils and transports them to the lungs, so that the smell is emitted through respiration until it is completely eliminated from the body, as explained by the American Academy of Family Physicians. During digestion, the odor may return through the esophagus and be released when speaking or breathing. In addition, the compounds of some medications also cause bad breath, as well as tobacco and alcohol.
How to avoid bad breath or halitosis?
Bad hygiene has been identified as a source of halitosis since ancient times, so one of the main methods to avoid bad breath is good oral hygiene, which consists of: brushing teeth, flossing and cleaning the tongue with regularity, instead of focusing on the use of oral rinses or sprays to camouflage bad breath.
- Avoid foods with excessive condiments or foods that cause bad breath.
- Give up smoking.
- Avoid drinking coffee and alcohol.
- Do not enroll in high protein and low calorie diets.
- Do not consume foods with a lot of fat.
- Drink a lot of water.
- Try to always breathe through the nose.