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What causes sore throat?
In most cases, the sore throat is caused by viruses and the symptoms can range from simple discomfort to severe sore throat. Sore throat is usually the start of a common cold. The most common form of catching a cold is to have a rhinovirus on the tip of your finger and insert it into your eye or nose. The transmission of the rhinovirus to the fingertips can occur directly with a handshake, or indirectly if an infected person has contaminated the environment with a nasal discharge containing the rhinovirus. About 40% -50% of the surfaces that are normally touched, such as door handles or supermarket trolleys, are contaminated with viruses. Inhalation of a virus can occur by spraying small particles (if a person has a cold or sneezes or coughs), although this is not considered an important route of transmission.
Bacteria can also cause a sore throat, although it is usually the result of a secondary infection after an initial infection caused by a virus. The white spots in the tonsils are a symptom of this painful disorder. Consult your doctor if you think you have a sore throat due to a bacterial infection.
The difference between a sore throat, pharyngitis and tonsillitis
The terms sore throat, pharyngitis and tonsillitis are often used interchangeably, but they are not the same thing.
It refers to the tonsils that are inflamed.
It is an infection caused by a specific type of bacteria, streptococcus. When your child has pharyngitis, the tonsils often become very inflamed, and inflammation can affect the surroundings of the throat.
Other causes of sore throat are viruses, and these can only cause inflammation of the throat around the tonsils but not the tonsils themselves.
In infants, toddlers and preschoolers, the most common cause of sore throat is a viral infection. No specific medicine is needed when the responsible person is a virus, and the child should improve in a period of seven to ten days. Often children who have a sore throat caused by viruses also have a cold. They may also have a mild fever, but usually the disease is not very strong.
A specific virus (called Coxsackie virus), which is observed more frequently in the summer and autumn, can cause fever a little higher, more difficult to swallow and more discomfort in general. If your child has a Coxsackie virus infection, you may also have one or more blisters on your throat and on your hands and feet (so it is usually called hand-foot-mouth disease). Infectious mononucleosis can cause sore throat, often with marked tonsillitis; however, most children who have a mononucleosis virus infection have few or no symptoms.
Pharyngitis is caused by a bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes. To some extent, the symptoms of pharyngitis depend on the age of the child.
Babies: may have only a low fever and a thick or bloody nasal discharge.
Young children: may also have a thick or runny nose with blood and fever. These children are often irritable, lose their appetite and often have inflamed lymph nodes in their necks. Sometimes young children complain of stomachache and not sore throat.
Children over three years: usually have stronger symptoms; the sore throat can be extremely painful, the fever rises above 102 degrees Fahrenheit (38.9 degrees Celsius), there are swollen nodes in the neck and pus in the tonsils.
It is important to be able to distinguish a pharyngitis (streptococcal infection) from a viral infection, because streptococcal infections are treated with antibiotics.
What causes bad breath?
Bad breath, or halitosis, can be a big problem, especially when you’re about to embrace your love or want to say a joke to your friend in your ear. The good news is that bad breath can be avoided with some simple steps.
Bad breath is caused by bacteria that produce odor that can grow in the mouth. When you do not brush or floss regularly, bacteria build up on pieces of food left in your mouth and between your teeth. The sulfur components released by these bacteria cause bad breath.
Certain foods, especially garlic and onions, which contain intense oils, can contribute to bad breath because the oils are carried to the lungs and then out through the mouth. Smoking is also a major cause of bad breath.
There are many lies about the care of bad breath. These are three lies about bad breath that are not true:
Lie 1: While you wash your teeth, you should not have bad breath.
The truth is that most people only brush their teeth for 30 to 45 seconds, which is not enough. To clean all surfaces of the teeth efficiently, you should brush them for at least 2 minutes, at least twice a day. Remember to brush your tongue too, bacteria love to stay there. It is also important to floss because only brushing will not remove the harmful plaque and food particles that stick between the teeth and gums.
Lie 2: Mouthwash will make bad breath disappear.
Mouthwash only eliminates bad breath temporarily. If you use a mouthwash, look for one that is antiseptic (kill the germs that cause bad breath) and reduce the plaque, with a seal from the Association of Dentists of the United States (ADA). When deciding which dental products to place in your shopping cart, it is always a good idea to look for those that are accepted by the ADA. Also, ask for recommendations from your dentist.
Lie 3: If you breathe in your hand yo
Error! When you breathe, you do not use your throat the same way you do when you speak. When you speak, you tend to draw odors from the back of your mouth (where bad breath originates), and this does not happen when you breathe. Also, as we usually get used to our own smells, it is difficult for a person to notice if they have bad breath.
If you are worried about your bad breath, make sure you take care of your teeth and your mouth properly. Some chewing gums and mints without sugar can also cover odors temporarily.
If you brush and floss your teeth properly and visit your dentist for regular cleanings, but your bad breath persists, you may have a medical problem such as sinusitis or gum disease. Call your doctor or dentist if you suspect a problem. They can discover if there is any other problem behind your bad breath and can help you solve it.